A foreign passport (that is, a universal passport (abbreviated. H.P.), in addition, very often in everyday life is called a passport, a foreigner, a foreigner, or a foreign), is an official document that certifies the identity of a citizen, while traveling outside, as well as staying outside the state. In addition, this document is used during entry into the territory of the state from a foreign business trip, or a trip. Exists, and a passport for the child. Immediately after the revolutionary events of 1917, the Soviet Republic, very poorly monitored the emigration, so many people who did not agree with the new regime left the new state. From 1918 to the end of the twenties, about four million people left the Country of Soviets, among them, there were about five hundred scientists (for example, for the period from 1989 to 2004, from the Russian Federation, it left for various estimates, from twenty -five to eighty thousand scientists). In 1922, two flights, all a well -known, philosophical ship, from Petrograd to Stettin, as well as a certain number of ships from the territory of Ukraine and trains from Moscow, at the direction of a comrade, in. And. Lenin, two hundred and twenty -five representatives of the intelligentsia (including the philosophers of Berdyaev, Ilyin, Frank, as well as Bulgakov) were expelled. From the emigrants returned, only a small share (in particular, Marina Tsvetaeva and Alexei Tolstoy).The closure of borders, the new Soviet government, has been happening since the mid -thirties of the last century. During the Second World War, approximately seven hundred thousand citizens of the Soviet Union, stolen to Europe, captured by the German-fascist invaders, or deserted, did not want to return and settled in Western Europe or went to America.